Nigeria, the Giant of Africa, can flaunt her notable Political Nationalists. They are in some cases called “Freedomites”. The majority of our kids in Schools are continually helped to remember their brave deeds. However, their malicious deeds are frequently dismissed. Truth be told, this article will contend that they all had an Ethnicity Syndrome, through the Tripartition strategy of the British. Lamentably, Nigeria presently endures the results and impacts of this identity condition on her political Nationalists. In any case, to additional support and pitch clearness to the point we are driving at, it is principal to give a compact examination of the actual idea of Ethnicity Syndrome.
Nationality Syndrome, allegorically alludes to a sickness analyzed to those whose activities and decisions are affected by the sensation of having a place with a specific gathering. These sort of individuals frequently accept their gathering or clan as a position, and furthermore guarantee that their gathering is the awesome others. Their activities and decisions are regularly affected by this inclination. Subsequently, in this sense, we can say they have an identity disorder. Given this background, it is convenient to dig into the primary course of this article.
Identity (or tribalism) first raised it head during the subsequent World War. This war decreased the initiative productivity of the Colonial Masters in Nigeria, which thusly prompted a time of extraordinary starvation, imbalance, frailty, etc. Therefore, a few gatherings were framed to provide food for the requirements of their individuals. Such gatherings incorporates; The Egba Society (1918), The Union of Ijebu Young Men(1923), The Yoruba Union(1924), The Ibibio State Union, etc. Because of a helpless economy, low security, joblessness, etc, these ethnic gatherings started to contend with one another in a financial rivalry. Every ethnic gathering will battle other ethnic gatherings, to guarantee it provides food for the need of its own individuals. It was now nationality, turned into a full-scale insurrection.
Moreover, the split in the Nigerian Youth Movement(NYM), which was set off by an identity crack between Nigeria’s political Nationalists(Ikoli, Awolowo, Akinsanya and Nnamdi Azikwe), likewise helped the issue of nationality in the country. Out of resentment, Nnamdi Azikwe drove his Igbo allies out of the gathering, and Obafemi Awolowo did same. Now, it is totally protected to say that the informed world class in the Nigerian Youth Movement had a nationality disorder, in this manner prompting the breakdown of the development.
Therefore, the British presentation of the three sided strategy through the Richards constitution of 1943, further exacerbated the issue of identity in the country. Through the Richards constitution, Nigeria was separated into three monster areas; the northern locale, the western district and the eastern district, which addressed the three significant clans of Nigeria; the Hausa, the Yoruba and the Igbo individually. In like way, the various ethnic gatherings that had been framed before that time, were likewise amalgamated to shape the Egbe Omo Oduduwa society in london(1945), the Ibo state Union(1944), and the Jamiya Mutanen Arewa. Each likewise addressing the three monster clans in Nigeria. “A terrible circumstance in a country which was assume to be joined as one”(Jide Olanrewaju). In any case, having being tainted with an identity disorder which was additionally fortified by the British tripartition strategy, the impact of this identity condition on Nigeria’s political Nationalists, was soon to surface.
Since other African nations had initiated the battle for political autonomy, it was nothing unexpected that Nigerian taught elites( Awolowo, Azikwe, etc) started to battle for political freedom. This was additionally supported when the Richards constitution of 1943 legitimized the politicization of common affiliations. Henceforth, the Egbe Omo Oduduwa society turned into the Action Group of Nigeria(AG) in 1951 headed by Awolowo, the Igbo state Union turned into the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroon(NCNC) in 1944 headed by Azikwe, and the Jamiya Mutanen Arewa turned into the Northern People’s Congress(NPC) in 1951 headed by Ahmadu Bello.
At last, Nigeria turned into an autonomous Nation in 1960, and the principal Republic initiated. Shockingly, the chain of ancestral occasions that resulted before autonomy, prompted the exorbitant debasement, nepotism and bungle of public assets in the main republic. “The North needed to ensure they stayed in force, the South needed to ensure it tasted power”(Jide Olanrewaju). Now, the impact of an identity condition, endured by Nigeria’s political patriots, started to complete. Their activities and decisions were obfuscated. They took avarice, debasement and nepotism, as ideals. Clearly they were all affected by an identity disorder. Indeed, Nigeria was totally wrecked, during the primary Republic. Thusly, this shambling environment cleared the military into power, and were straightforwardly liable for the main Nigerian Coup. Now, Nigeria was as yet redeemable. Yet, that expectation was broken when General Muritala Ramat Muhammad, took power for himself without the thought of a fair treatment as finished with Generals Ironsi and Gowon. Indeed, an ordered US update of August 18, 1975, contended that Muritala’s activity will prompt different overthrows and ill-conceived take-overs. Lamentably, the arranged US notice was right. In this manner started the ruin of Nigeria.